On this day in 3114 BC, the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar,
used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably
the Mayans, began. It is a is a non-repeating, vigesimal (base-20)
and base-18 calendar. Using a modified vigesimal tally, the Long
Count calendar identifies a day by counting the number of days
passed since a mythical creation date..Aug 11, 3114 BC.
The Long Count calendar is the source of a range of eschatological beliefs that cataclysmic or transformative events will occur
on December 21, 2012.This date is regarded as the end-date of a 5,125-year-long cycle in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar.
A New Age interpretation of this transition postulates that this date marks the start of time in which Earth and its inhabitants
may undergo a positive physical or spiritual transformation, and that 2012 may mark the beginning of a new era. Others suggest
that the 2012 date marks the end of the world or a similar catastrophe. Scenarios suggested for the end of the world include the
arrival of the next solar maximum, or Earth's collision with a black hole or a passing planet called "Nibiru".
http://www.2012dayafter.com/Portals/0/i ... 2_maya.jpg
Despite the publicity generated by the 2012 date, Susan Milbrath, curator of Latin American Art
and Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History, stated that "We have no record or
knowledge that [the Maya] would think the world would come to an end" in 2012. "For the ancient
Maya, it was a huge celebration to make it to the end of a whole cycle," says Sandra Noble,
executive director of the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies in Crystal
River, Florida. To render December 21, 2012, as a doomsday event or moment of cosmic shifting,
she says, is "a complete fabrication and a chance for a lot of people to cash in." "There will be
another cycle," says E. Wyllys Andrews V, director of the Tulane University Middle American
Research Institute (MARI). "We know the Maya thought there was one before this, and that
implies they were comfortable with the idea of another one after this."
According to Armenian mythology, on this day in 2492 BC, Hayk, the mythological progenitor
and founder of Armenia, slew the giant King Bel of Babylon.
Hayk, son of Torgom, lived in Babylon. After the arrogant
titan Bel made himself king over all, Hayk emigrated to the region
near Mount Ararat with an extended household of at least 300 and
settled there, founding a village he named Haykashen. Bel sent
one of his sons to entreat him to return, but was refused.
Bel decided to march against him with a massive force, but Hayk
was warned ahead of time of his pending approach. He assembled
his own army along the shore of Lake Van and told them that they
must defeat and kill Bel, or die trying to do so, rather than become
At Dyutsaznamart (Armenian: Դյուցազնամարտ, "Battle of Giants"), near Julamerk southeast of Lake Van, on August 11, 2492
BC (according to the Armenian traditional chronology) Hayk slew Bel with a nearly impossible shot using a long bow, sending
the king's forces into disarray.
Hayk named the hill where Bel and his warriors fell Gerezmank, meaning "tombs".
He embalmed the corpse of Bel and ordered it to be taken to Hark where it was
to be buried in a high place in the view of the wives and sons of the king.
Soon after, Hayk established the fortress of Haykaberd at the battle
site and the town of Haykashen in the Armenian province of Taron
(modern-day Turkey). He named the region of the battle Hayk, and
the site of the battle Hayots Dzor.
On this day in 1929, Babe Ruth became the first baseball player to
hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in
On this hot day in 1965, the Watts riots began in the Watts area of Los
On this stupid day in 1984, US President Ronald Reagan,
while running for re-election, joked while preparing to make his
weekly Saturday address on National Public Radio: "My fellow
Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation
that will outlaw Russia forever.We begin bombing in five minutes."
Contrary to popular misconception, the joke was not broadcast over
the air, but rather leaked later to the general populace. But the Soviet
Far East Army was placed on alert after word of the statement got out,
and that the alert was not withdrawn until 30 minutes later.
The Soviet official news agency, TASS, condemned the joke,
declaring that "USSR condemns this unprecedentedly hostile
attack of US President" and that "this kind of behaviour is
incompatible with high responsibility the heads of nuclear states
are bearing for the destinies of their own people and mankind".
Born This Day:
1932: Spanish playwright, screenwriter, film director,
novelist and poet Fernando Arrabal, who wrote:
Hymn to Chess (For Marcel Duchamp)
… With a macadam deity and streetwalker cowpoke.
With my frail chrysalis boasting Mandarin spurs.
With a jubilant Spanish opening that changed the game.
With my man-eating amity dexterous with electroshock.
With my fjord-like coolness and leonine jaws.
With my pawn, pedestal, and Castilian flag.
With the torrent and ivoryless tower of my grip.
With a vengeful cat meowing on my borderline.
With the truth and translucency of our lilies and sheaves.
With the apple of science and the deathless snake.
With the King guillotined by the peons of my soul.
With the Fury and Gorgon of the psyche and psalm.
With the seven long leagues of my birthright and idiom.
With the rocky mountains of my Renaissance risk-taking.
With the gift of the Magi and phantasmagoric horses.
With the conflagration of gambling and my skin, red and gold.
With the monarch trimmed and my seagull in flight.
1952: Bob Mothersbaugh, aka Bob I
1954: Joe Jackson
1958: Jah Wobble
Died This Day:
1956: Jackson Pollock